Tuesday, February 28, 2023

CentOS 7 -- How to Manually Install Python 3.10 from Source Code


You want to manually install/compile Python 3.10 from source


This note applicable for Oracle Linux, Red Hat Linux and CentOS platforms

1) Install required system packages:

$ sudo yum install yum-utils
$ sudo yum-builddep python3

2) Ensure OpenSSL version is 1.1.1 at least:

$ openssl version

In case version is lower than 1.1.1, install the latest version:

CentOS 7 -- Custom Installation of OpenSSL 3 from Source Code

3) Create an installation directory. For the purposes of this note, Python 3.10 will be installed in /usr/local/python3.10

$ sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/python3.10

4) Download the source code of Python 3.10:

$ mkdir -p /tmp/python3.10
$ cd /tmp/python3.10
$ wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.10.10/Python-3.10.10.tgz 

5) Unpack the archive file:

$ tar xf Python-3.10.10.tgz
$ cd Python-3.10.10

6) Build Python 3.10 from the source code:

$ ./configure --enable-optimizations --prefix=/usr/local/python3.10 --with-openssl=/usr/local/openssl308 --with-openssl-rpath=auto
$ make -s
$ sudo make altinstall


a) In case "Could not import runpy module" error received during the build process, try to build without --enable-optimizations

b) the above build assumes custom openssl was used. In case of using system openssl, remove -with-openssl and --with-openssl-rpath parameters

c) make altinstall is used not to overwrite system python installation

6) Verify custom python:

$ /usr/local/python3.10/bin/python3.10 --version
Python 3.10.10

Useful notes:

  • https://number1.co.za/upgrading-sqlite-on-centos-to-3-8-3-or-later/

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